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Articles : Continuous Integration: The Cornerstone of a Great Shop
on 2007/10/2 22:35:42 (2634 reads)
Articles


Getting Started

Sometimes people won’t install a CI system because they don't have tests ready to run in the system. There are enough benefits from fast compile cycles to justify using Continuous Integration, so don’t wait. You don’t wait to see a doctor until you’re not sick anymore, right? Having the CI system keep your compiles clean will free up some of the time needed to start writing tests as well.

I've also found that people are much more likely to write automated tests if they’re sure the tests will be used. By providing a CI system, you have a place to house your tests and run them immediately. This is the best way I know to encourage test creation. People want to create things are used and this assures them the tests they create will run regularly.

The best way to get started with Continuous Integration is to start using an existing software package. I'm going to point you to CruiseControl on Source Forge (http://cruisecontrol.sf.net/). Since version 2.3 Cruise Control comes with an embedded servlet engine (Jetty- http://jetty.mortbay.com) and a sample project. You can download the project and see CC running in less than five minutes. Then, to add your own project, just copy the bundled example. It’s very easy to get started.

The CC team has a great write-up on how to run the binary release of CruiseControl. Visit http://cruisecontrol.sf.net/ and click the "Getting Started" link on the left.

In Conclusion

The teams I know running smoothly and cleanly always have continuous integration in place. It's a practice I respect more everyday.

I’m seeing this practice overshadow all others. Teams that run smoothly use continuous integration. They respect the system instead of tolerating it, and the developers treat the notifications seriously. When the system says something is broken, these teams address the problem quickly. These teams insist on CI coverage from the first day of a new product.

Other shops, even those who are using a CI system but ignoring it, are very different. They live in turmoil. Heroic efforts are not the exception but the rule. In fact, these teams always seem to be running behind. They always have a crisis issue to resolve or deadline to meet.

They work and live in a perpetual twilight of stress and problems. They’ve lived there so long that they think it’s the only way to write software. Sadly, these teams tend to burn people out. I’ve been there and it’s no fun. Creating software can be a great joy -and is- when done right. CI can’t solve every problem, but it can remove several categories of problems that would otherwise clutter your day and slow you down.

If you’re not using a Continuous Integration system, try one out this week. Get a system installed and leave it running for one month. At the end of that month, turn it off if you don’t see the benefit.

Don’t be surprised if you find yourself missing the system the first day it’s gone. You might just become one of the developers who insists on continuous integration coverage on your new projects.

Resources


Martin Fowler and Matthew Foemmel on Continuous Integration http://martinfowler.com/articles/continuousIntegration.html
CruiseControl page http://cruisecontrol.sourceforge.net/
CI product page: http://www.jaredrichardson.net/ci.html
Scripted build links: http://www.jaredrichardson.net/buildscripts.html
Mike Clark’s automation blog: http://www.pragmaticautomation.com
Jetty http://jetty.mortbay.com/

 

Originally published in the Spring 2006 issue of Methods & Tools

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