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Articles : Continuous Integration: The Cornerstone of a Great Shop
on 2007/10/2 22:35:42 (2700 reads)
Articles


What's the big deal?

There are several key practices that continuous integration either requires or encourages. They are source code management, scripted builds and test automation. Much of the benefit that comes from using a CI system actually comes from the foundational practices that a CI system requires.

Don’t get me wrong. CI adds plenty of benefit as well. It’s just that many day-to-day problems go away when you use these other practices first.

Code Management

One of the first things your CI system will do for you is make sure you've got your source code organized and (hopefully) into a source code management system. After all, your CI software can't watch a code tree you can't identify. The first practice CI encourages is good source code management.

This benefit will seem very elementary to many people, but I've seen shops that still use network drives and zip files. Quite a few developers still haven't discovered source code management.

Proper source code management doesn't take much time at all once you've learned how to use it. Like any good tool, you’ll save much more time than you’ll spend learning to be effective with the tool.

You’ll save the time you normally spend reconciling code differences by hand, not to mention rewriting the work that careless coworkers overwrite from time to time. Code collisions and lost work are common issues but a good source code system also merges your changes for you, maintains a history for each file, and more.

If you're not using a proper source code management system, I urge you to rethink you position. It's a huge time saver.

A Scripted Build

The second thing your CI system will require is a scripted build. Moving to this step requires a level of build automation. Fortunately, this is easy to add. There are many tools available, both commercial and open source, that solve this problem for you. You still have to understand how to build your product, but these tools will keep from learning the different command line options for javac or jar on different operating systems. Look at tools like Ant, Maven, and Rake.

Like good source code management, a scripted build provides many benefits.

For starters, your teammates aren't all busy building their own version of the build script. Everyone needs to build and developers, being clever, will all find a slightly different way to solve the same problem. When you have a single build script, everyone's building the same way. It's okay is someone still wants to build differently (an IDE maybe?), but they need to have the ability to build the same way that everyone else does.

Don’t ignore the maintenance savings either. You'll eventually improve the build script, find a bug in it, or decide to make it faster. With a single script, you do the work once time. When everyone has his or her own build method, everyone solves the same problem repeatedly. What a waste of time!

When you build your code the same way, everyone gets the same version of the product. This means that the testers report problems in the same version of the program the developers run.

Without a canonical build script, you don't always get everyone on the same page. In fact, the customers, testers and developers often run very different versions of the same product and then wonder why they can’t reproduce the same issues. If you’ve had trouble reproducing your customer’s bugs, then start here. Is everyone running the same version of the product?

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